Ming dynasty

Red turban rebellion and Hongwu’s reign

1356 – Zhu Yuanzhang(Hongwu)  captured Nanjin

1368 – Zhu Yuanzhang killed all his opponents

1368 – Zhu Yuanzhang captured Beijing

1368 – Zhu Yuanzhang refused to support the rebellion

1369 – Zhu Yuanzhang started to kill his allies, who participated in the rebellion

1370 – The first population census

1377 – The examination system was abolished

1384 – The examination system was rebuilt

1394 – New irrigation systems were built

1397 – New code of laws

1397 – Slavery is partly abolished

During Zhu Yuanzhang’s reign more than 100 000 people were killed, much more lose their jobs, some were moved to new places, a lot of merchants had to reduce their activity, because of the high taxes. All these were done to make the emperor  stronger.

Jianweng’s reign

1398 – Hongwu died. His grand son, Jianweng, succeeded him.

1399 – Jianweng arrested many supporters of his uncle, Zhu Di.

1399 – Zhu Di organised a rebellion against Jianweng

1402 – Zhu Di captured Beijing and burned to the ground the emperor palace with Jianweng, his wives and all the court

Youngle’s reign

1402 – Zhu Di became an emperor(he took a new name – Youngle) – this event is also called “The Second Foundation of the Ming Dynasty”

1403 – Beijing instead of Nanjing became a capital

1406 – The Imperial city and the Forbidden city construction started. Several hundreds of thousands hands are used in the construction.

The Forbidden city is located in the middle of Beijing, China, and now houses the Palace Museum. For almost five centuries, it served as the home of the Emperor and his household, as well as the ceremonial and political centre of Chinese government. Built in 1406 to 1420, the complex consists of 980 surviving buildings with 8,707 bays of rooms and covers 720,000 m2 (7,800,000 sq ft). The palace complex exemplifies traditional Chinese palatial architecture, and has influenced cultural and architectural developments in East Asia and elsewhere.

1407 – Youngle had conquered

1411 – Started restoring the Great Canal

1415 – Done with restoring

1420 – Done with building the Forbidden city

1420 – 1424 – Writing the great encyclopedia(50 million of words or 22938 chapters)

1424 – Youngle died. His eldest son – Hongxi – succeeded hi,

Hongxi’s reign

1424 – Abolishing any trade with western countries

1424 – Confucianism restored, the highest ranks and titles are given to Hongxi’s Confucianists advisors.

1425 – taxes decreased

1425 – Hongxi died. He’s succeeded by his son – Xuande.

Although Hongxi had a short reign, he is credited with reforms that made lasting improvements, and his liberal policies were continued by his son.

Xuande’s reign

1427 – Achinese troops are badly defeated by Annamese

1428 – Sending cavalry to the north borders

1428 – A punishing raid against Mongols

1428 – Ming troops were pushed out of Vietnam

1432 – Improving of diplomatist relationships with Japanese

1435 – Xuande died. His son, Zhu Qizhen succeeded him.

The Xuande Emperor was known as an accomplished painter, particularly skilled at painting animals. Some of his art work is preserved in the National Palace Museum, Taipei, as well as in foreign collections, such as Arthur M. Sackler Museum (a division of Harvard Art Museum). Robert D. Mowry, the curator of Chinese art at the Arthur M. Sackler Museum, described him as “the only Ming emperor who displayed genuine artistic talent and interest.

Zhu Qizhen’s reign

1449 – the emperor was imprisoned by Mongols

1450 – the emperor released

1450 – he was put under the house arrest by the new emperor

1457 – he was reinstalled

1461 – a failed conspiracy

1464 – the death of Zhu Qizhen. He’s succeeded by Chengua

Chengua’s reign

1474 – Reconstruction and building of the Great Wall

1487 – the death of Chengua. His son, Hongzhi, succeeded him.

In his court the main place was taken by women, especially Lady Wu, and their eunuchs.

Honghzi’s reign

1488 – improving of diplomatic relationships with Koreans

1505 – the Honghzi’s deaths. His successor – Zhengde.

Zhengde’s reign

He wasn’t interested in a state. At all.

1510 – rise of corruprion

1518 – 1519 – wars with Mongols

1521 – the rebel princes execution

1521 – the death of Zhengde. He’s succeeded by Jianjing(明世宗 — such a tough name!)

Jianjing’s reign

1539 – Jianling refused to see his ministers altogether

1542 – several concubines tried to kill the emperor

1542 – Mongol troops attacked China

1550 – Mongol troops reached Beijing

1556 – the great earthquake – over 800 000 people were killed

1567 – the death of Jianjing. He’s succeeded by his son, Longqing.

Longqing’s reign

Nothing really significant happened

1572 – his death. His successor – Wanli.

I think, there is no need to write more – we have already got some reading about Wanli(all seven grievances happened during his reign)


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